3rd Convention

"We are pleased to inform that 3rd IDEA Conference is being organised.Details may be referred in enclosed Brochure of Conference."

Brochure IDEA_Seminar 2005

Souvenir IDEA_Seminar 2005

3rd National Convention

Engineering Intenvention:
Quality Milk Processing

Nov. 19, 2005
NDRI, Karnal



Lightening of lamp at Inaugural function
1st technical session
Momento by Chief Guest to the President
Address by the President, Dr. S.P. Agarwala
Plenary session by Er. A.K. Banerjee
Vot of thanks by Prof. I.K. Sawhney
Members of Technical session
Inaugural function
A view of audience
Poster session






(Theme: Engineering Interventions-Quality Milk Processing)

Inauguration by Dr. Sushil Kumar, Director, NDRI, Karnal
Welcome by Dr. S.P.Agrawala, president, IDEA
Address by chief guest, patron of IDEA and Dr. S.L.Goswami, Joint Director (Research.), NDRI, Karnal
Vote of thanks by Prof. I.K.Sawhney, Convener

Technical Session-I

Sanitary design principles for quality product by Dr. S.K.Anand, Sr. Sci., DM Division, NDRI, Karnal.
Dairy engineering education the paradigm shift by Dr. R.K.Kohli, P.S., DE Division, NDRI, Karnal.
Engineering Solutions for quality management in milk processing by Er. R.P.Singh, MD, Food & Bio-tech Engrs. Faridabad.

Technical Session-II

Acctomation in dairy industry for strategic quality competctiveness by Er. Rakesh Verma, Chief Manager South Asia region, Nestle India Ltd.
Optimizing profitability through quality enhancement in milk products by Er. Jaswant Singh, Patron IDEA.

Poster Session

Judges: Er. A.K.Banerjee and Er. Mayur Vyas.MD Sabar Dairy

Followed by Plenary & AGBM Sessions 

The Division of Dairy Engineering, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal and Indian Dairy Engineers Association, Chandigarh has jointly organized a one day 3rd National Convention of Dairy Engineers on 19th Nov. 2005 at N.D.R.I., Karnal. The focal theme convention was “Engineering Interventions-Quality Milk Processing”.The convention was inaugurated and presided over by Dr. Sushil Kumar, Director, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal. Dr. Nagendra Sharma, Vice-Chancellor Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agriculture Technology, Jammu was present on the occasion as the Guest of Honour. Dr. S.L.Goswami, Joint Director (Research) also briefly addressed the delegates during the inaugural session. The plenary session of the convention was summarized by Er. A.K.Banerjee.
150 delegates from various Milk Plants, Dairy Equipment Manufacturing Industries and Dairy & Food Engineering Scientists of Academic Institutions from various states of the country participated . The convention included invited presentations from eminent engineering professionals from industry.

Dr. Sushil Kumar, Director NDRI while appreciating the role of dairy engineers in process mechanization of Indian dairy products emphasized that the equipment and process developed should be economically viable and globally competitive. He stressed upon the need to design and develop new equipments for enhancing quality of dairy products and called for an active role by dairy engineers to indigenize the design and manufacturing of dairy equipments in the country.

Dr. Nagendra Sharma, Vice-Chancellor Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agriculture Technology, Jammu in his address said that in our country only around fifteen percent of milk is processed in the organized dairy sector, therefore, to enhance the quality of milk and milk products there is need to develop the equipments which could be used at rural level.

Dr. S.L.Goswami, Joint Director (Research) NDRI urged upon the engineers to redefine their role in the fast changing scenario, whether it is to provide bulk milk cooling tanks or automatic milk collection stations, so that the quality of milk and milk products could be further improved.
The speakers who delivered their talks in the Technical Sessions were Er. Rakesh Verma, Chief Manager, South Asia Region, Nestle India Ltd., Er. R.P.Singh, Managing Director, Food & Biotech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Faridabad, Sh. Mayur N.Vyas, Managing Director, Sabar Dairy Himatnagar Gujrat, Er. Jaswant Singh, Patron IDEA & Director, Intentional Improvement Mission, Dr. R.K.Kohli, Principal Scientist, (Dairy Engineering) and Dr. S.K.Anand, Senior Scientist (Dairy Microbiology) N.D.R.I., Karnal, Er. Sunil Patel, Associate Professor, Seth College of Dairy Technology, Anand, Er. A.K.Banerjee Dairy Engineer and Er. R.K. Chugh, General Manager (Engg.) HDDCF Chandigarh.
After the detailed presentations and deliberations, the following recommendations emerged in the Convention: -
(i) Dairy Engineering Education-the Paradigm shift
It was recognized that there is a need to address the obsolescence of some of engineering courses in the dairy engineering curriculum and review & transform HRD Programme in dairy engineering education to make it more compatible with the current requirements of dairy industry. Emphasis should be shifted from teacher-centered instructions to student-centered learning process.

It was suggested that special subject on the modernization and automation of the dairy be introduced in the curriculum, to help change the mindset of students to go for more automation

It also emerged that computerization has effected change in teaching pedagogy. It is necessary that students studying Dairy Engineering are proficient in computers and latest software development for dairy industry. Suitable subject be incorporated in dairy engineering curriculum.

It was emphasized during the deliberations that education and training in the basics of clean milk production and processing be provided to milk producers and milk plant operators on a massive scale to achieve the long term gain in enhancing the quality standards of milk products. The

Concerns were expressed that the education funding on the extent and quality of engineering laboratories and pilot plants are on the decline. As a result of this, majority of the students have few opportunities to actually operate state-of the-art equipments and modern analytical appliances. There is an urgent need of refurnishing and restoring the engineering laboratories of Dairy Science Colleges in the country.

(f)     The participants emphasized the need for ‘Real World’ exposure to the students and expressed their view that the engineering experts from dairy industry must interact with the educational institutions to share their needs and experiences with the students.
(ii) Engineering solution for quality management in milk processing.
Consensus were expressed in the convention that Indian Dairy Industry to be globally competitive must keep in view the international quality standards pertaining to food processing and associated equipments for their hygienic designs and hygienic processing of milk.

(b)   It was also the unanimous view that there is an urgent need to strictly adopt the standards for various dairy equipments used in the industry and formulating such standards for the equipments for which they do not exist, thorough collaboration between R&D institutions and equipment manufacturers, so that quality and reliability of the equipment is improved.

(c)   It was suggested that greater involvement of “Hazard Analysis Critical Point System” (HACCP) be developed and adopted for monitoring all the engineering services in a dairy plant for proactive prevention, control and corrective action. Proper records that document the systems effectiveness be maintained and routinely and regularly verified to check that the system is working effectively.

(d)   The maintenance enclosures, such as, electric control panels, chain and belt guards, junction boxes, pneumatic/hydraulic enclosures etc. and human machine interfaces, such as, push buttons, valve handles, touch scream etc. must be designed, constructed and be maintainable to ensure food product, water or product liquid does not penetrate in to or accumulate in or on the enclosure and interface.

(e)   The participants emphasized that the dairy plant must validate the equipment cleaning and sanitizing protocols. The procedures prescribed for cleaning and sanitation of process machinery and other associated equipments must be clearly written, designed and followed up to be effective and efficient.
(iii) Automation in dairy industry for strategic quality competitiveness.
(a)   The experts and the speakers were of the opinion that the compliance of food safety and regulations is non-negotiable. Keeping in view the unique characteristics of dairy products, a targeted programme should be launched in diary plants to achieve complete automation at every link in the chain from producer to consumer for total quality processing.

(b)   It also emerged that desired product quality is determined by the consumer. With the growth in technology-driven dairy developments, innovative engineering inputs would go a long way in enhancing quality of milk and milk products. To achieve strategic quality competitiveness, automation solutions in a dairy plants need to be aligned to the business requirements and must ensure a consistent delivery of predefined product quality to the consumers.

(c)   It was recognized that the use of microprocessors and on-line control to continuously monitor and regulate quality milk processing would minimize the human errors, product losses and facilitate the ease of processing operations.

(d)   It was emphasized that there is an urgent need to upgrade existing technologies and introduce new ones where necessary. There is a need to promote ‘Research’ in the area of optimization of processes and equipments using simulation modeling with a focus on product quality and cost effectiveness.
(iv) Optimizing profitability through quality enhancement in milk products.
(a)   It came loud and clear in the deliberations that competitive product costing and energy conservation are big challenges facing the Indian dairy industry. There is no shortcut or quick fix solution for techno-commercial problems. Poor profitability of dairy industry is a matter of concern and need to be addressed through planned engineering interventions.

(b)   Serious concerns were expressed on the adulteration, dilution and manipulation in milk during the supply chain from milk producer to the dairy plants. It was noted that the major contributor in the process are over dependence on middlemen for milk procurement, lack of proper norms for acceptance / rejection of milk and absence of accountability / responsibility. Real break through in qualitative terms can only be achieved by total transparency in milk procurement systems.

(c)   It was recognized that all the milk processing plants should evolve the policy norms for monitoring the utilization efficiency of key resources, such as milk, manpower, fuel, packing and allied materials and for the engineering services, such as, steam, electricity and water supply. Concerted efforts must be made on this front so as to achieve targeted profitability level.

(d)   It also emerged that professionally designed and well documented procedures based an separate schedule for each of the activity controlled by engineering departments in the dairy plant , viz. lubrication, preventive and corrective maintenance of plant and machinery, is absolutely essential for achieving the high standards of productivity and product quality.

(e)   It was an interesting revelation in the Convention that when buffalo milk is mixed with cow milk and water is added to the mixture, the price fixation of resulting raw milk using two-axis formula becomes faulty and the buyer in most cases suffers hidden loss in milk purchase transaction. Dilution of milk with water used for such manipulation not only plays havoc with raw milk quality but also results in increase in cost of milk handling. A digital analytical technique has been suggested to overcome the above anomaly of hidden losses in milk procurement.

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